Eyebrows and Facial Recognition

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Through the ages, trends in women’s hairstyle and grooming have changed drastically. Often, these changes are associated with other fluctuations of the era. A study published in 2003 by Izzat Jarudi and Javid Sadrs in Perception, a scientific journal specialising in the psychology of vision and perception, suggests that eyebrows play an important part in facial recognition. While this study may provide further insight into the development of artificial facial-recognition systems, it can also potentially provide better understanding as to why the eyebrows have become so important in women’s beauty standards.

The study consisted of a test in which a group of people were shown 25 snapshots of celebrities without eyebrows, and then another 25 images of celebrities without eyes. The participants in the study correctly identified 56% of the celebrities without eyes, but only 46% of the ones without eyebrows. The study concludes that eyebrows play a bigger role in recognizing faces than eyes.

Eyebrow Trends Through the Years

By taking a look at different eyebrow trends through the decades, some patterns about will emerge that the study in Perception could shed some light on. Starting in the 1920s, women wore very thin, dramatically shaped eyebrows, either with long, curved tails or with exaggerated arches. The 1930s retained the thinness of the previous decade, but incorporated rounded upward bends as well as straight lines that only dipped down on the very edge. In the 1940s, arches were generally shaped less severely and thinly. By the 1950s, women wore brows a little thicker than the previous decade, with a more sharply angled arch and a shorter tail. Elizabeth Taylor, an icon in the film industry, applied matte pigment to darken her heavy brows even more. In the 1960s, Audrey Hepburn popularized the practice of filling in the brow to achieve a thicker look. Also in this era, English model and actress Twiggy wore her brows thin and arched, recalling the trend of the 20s. By the 1970s, eyebrows were once again thinned out and shaped into arches and bends. However, the thick brow trend made a comeback in the 1980s thanks in part to celebrities like Brooke Shields and Madonna. The 90s resurrected the pencil-thin shaped brows, which slowly grew out in the early 2000s.

In the last ten years, thick brows have returned to favor once more, re-popularized by celebrities like Cara Delevingne, Kylie Jenner, and Emma Watson. The thick eyebrow trend has had several iterations in past century. And each return has been associated with an iconic figure of the era, like Elizabeth Taylor, Audrey Hepburn, and Brooke Shields. This suggests a relationship between the thickness of the eyebrows and the memorableness of the face.

The Empowerment of Thick Brows

According to one of the study’s co-authors, Jarudi, thicker brows stand out because they resemble a more masculine shape. The result of thicker brows on women is a distinctive, attention-grabbing effect. Stars like Elizabeth Taylor and Audrey Hepburn are remembered for the intensity of their expression, accentuated further by their thick eyebrows. Similarly, Cara Delevingne frequently makes headlines for her bold brows.

The stand-out quality of thick brows on women can be useful in situations which require women to make an impression, such as meeting someone for the first time, being considered for a job promotion, modeling during a photo shoot, etc. Co-author Sadr goes as far as to compare the thick brow movement of today to the popularization of shoulder pads on women’s suits in the 1980s–both trends were statements of female empowerment through the use of masculinizing features.

Take Your Power Back

Many women who want to feel empowered in the image they present to the world grow bolder, more square shaped brows. However, not all women are capable of growing enough hair to do so naturally. And because of this, they resort to other methods, like makeup, tattoos, and microblading. These techniques can result in artificial or overly harsh looks, which negates the empowering aspect of the look. An eyebrow transplant can provide women with their own hair to grow on their eyebrows in order to get the look they want–emancipating them from the grip of the makeup and cosmetic industry.

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Beauty Tips For Every Age

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As you grow older, your skin changes-and so should your beauty products. The tinted moisturizer may have worked when you were a teen, but it won’t be able to ward off the wrinkles when you’re 30. By the time you hit 40, you may even need to call in reinforcements: eye cream, night cream, firming gel, and a weekly beauty treatment. See, that’s why people buy nice houses when they grow up. They need bigger bathroom cabinets.

Why does this happen? Three words: hormones, moisture and skin cell generation. When estrogen levels flare (during adolescence and pregnancy), so do our breakouts; when they dip (after menopause) our skin becomes thin and prone to fine lines. Our skin also loses its ability to retain moisture, and produce healthy skin cells that result in that natural radiant glow (thank God for blush).

That’s where beauty products and beauty treatments come in. They provide the nutrients, helping skin cell production. They add moisture, preventing dryness and wrinkles. They remove dead skin cells and any nasty impurities that can cause breakouts. So which beauty products and beauty treatments do you need now? Read on.

Teens. Today’s clogged pores are tomorrow’s pimples. Wash your face twice a day and never, ever go to sleep with makeup on. Soap dries the skin, so use a beauty product- like a facial wash, cleanser or astringent-that doesn’t contain alcohol. Another beauty tip: use moisturizer, even if your skin is so supple now you don’t think you need it. It prevents future problems, and controls flakiness. If you have combination skin, use an oil-free beauty product.

Twenties. Your skin is at its best now: you’re past the hormonal fluctuations, but still free of wrinkles. However, long hours at work can cause dark circles and flakiness, and sun damage is beginning to set in (you just can’t see it). Be extra vigilant about sun protection. Look for beauty products that serve dual purposes, e.g. moisturizer with SPF. You also need regular beauty treatments to exfoliate dead skin and remove impurities (hey, an excuse to go to the beauty salon with your girlfriends!). By your late twenties, you should also expand your beauty supplies to include night cream and eye cream to reduce puffiness. If it sounds complicated, find a beauty brand that carries a complete line from cleanser to moisturizer.

Thirties. Your skin produces less oil, causing it to crack and flake. You need beauty products that contain glycolic acid, which reduces fine lines and wrinkles, and keeps the skin smooth. You may also need to upgrade your moisturizer for a richer cream, or a beauty product specifically for older skin. Beauty treatments like deep-cleansing and deep-moisturizing masks are a must-hey, they’re cheaper than plastic surgery.

Forties. Your skin begins to lose its battle with gravity. Among your beauty product essentials are a firming cream, or any moisturizer that contains alpha-hydroxy acids (AHAs). Skin doesn’t heal as quickly as it used to, either, so you need your Vitamin C. The drop in estrogen levels can also trigger a pale skin tone; to bring back the glow, head for the beauty salon for a rejuvenating facial (oatmeal and avocado scrubs work wonders) or have your own beauty treatment at home.

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Yoga and Natural Beauty – Seven Super Natural Beauty Tips For Face Care

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Have you ever looked in the mirror and thought how tired and weary your eyes look? Or how dry and hard your skin is? The beauty industry spends a lot of money projecting a certain image of beauty which causes you to feel inadequate if you do not match up to this ideal.

However from a yogic perspective, real beauty is inner beauty. The yogi sees their physical body as a temple which houses your soul. True beauty is the reflection of your inner self radiating and touching others. From a yogic view you foster your inner beauty through the natural care of your body.

The pace of life today takes its toll on your skin. It zaps your energy and leaves your skin tired, grey and haggard looking. If you are feeling stressed chances are you are over committed, have multiple tasks to complete at work and at home have to juggle your time between caring for your children and family.

You may even feel you do not deserve to take time out for yourself and spend your money on buying household items, paying bills, buying food and clothes for your children. Maybe after paying out for all these essentials you do not have any money left to have a manicure, facial or spend time at a day spa.

Finding time for yourself, to rest and pamper and nurture your inner being seems a luxury and indulgent activity.

This is a false economy. When you take the time to rest, your parasympathetic nervous system kicks in and starts to slow down your heart rate and rebalance your internal organs. This leaves you feeling relaxed and energised. The more you give to yourself, the more energy you have to give to others and manage your day with minimum stress.

Give yourself a break and try out some of these simple natural face care tips. All the ingredients can be found in your kitchen cupboard or easily purchased at your local supermarket.

Seven Super Natural Beauty Tips for Face Care

1. To rest and rejuvenate tired eyes, place a peeled slice of cucumber over each closed eye as you lay down and breathe slowly.

2. Smile – Close your eyes and smile slightly. Take your awareness into your body and send your loving smile to the parts of your body that feel tired, stiff or sore. With practice you can easily practice this inner smile which leaves you looking refreshed and rejuvenated.

3. Facial Steam – a facial steam releases stale oils from the pores and loosens debris sticking to the skin. Simply fill a small bowl with hot (not boiling) water. If you have any herbs or aromatherapy oils sprinkle in a few drops (for example, lavender and peppermint are stimulating, rosemary, eucalyptus and rose are cleansing, chamomile is soothing). If you don’t have any, that’s ok. Place a towel over your head and sit quietly with your head about 20 inches from the water, with the towel covering the bowl. Breathe deeply for about 5 minutes as you allow the steam to gently ease away cares and stress from your skin.

4. Mix together 1 tablespoon ripe avocado, mashed; 1 teaspoon honey and 3 drops of cider vinegar and sesame oil to work to a spreading paste. Apply this mixture to your face, avoiding your eyes. Lie down and close your eyes for 10 – 20 minutes. Wash off with warm water.

5. Apply fresh aloe vera gel, straight from the plant, or vitamin E oil to your face, avoiding your eyes. Rest for 10 – 20 minutes, with closed eyes. Gently wash and rinse your face with warm water.

6. Fill a small bowl with warm water. Sprinkle a few herbs (for example mint, bay leaf infusion, or a few slices of lemon) or aromatherapy oils into the bowl. Place a clean flannel in the bowl, swish it around and then wring it out, leaving it slightly damp. Place the warm flannel over your face. Lie down and rest for 5 – 15 minutes.

7. Mix together 2 tablespoons ripe avocado, 1 teaspoon clear honey, 1 teaspoon lemon juice and 1 teaspoon plain yoghurt, place the mashed mixture into a small bowl and leave to chill in the fridge for 30 minutes. Spread over your face, avoiding your eyes and lie down for 10 – 15 minutes. Rinse and wipe with lukewarm water.

If your face feels tired, weary and in need of a lift, try any one of the above seven super natural beauty care tips. They will nourish and stimulate you and leave your skin vibrant, clean and glowing.

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30 Minute Facial In Five Easy Steps

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You can enjoy a facial at home in as little as thirty minutes. By using skincare products that are appropriate to your skin type and condition, as well as certain facial equipment, you can indulge yourself with that little extra special attention that you deserve. Think about it: while your little ones engage in some peaceful afternoon slumber, you can treat yourself to a spa-like facial and emerge a rejuvenated and refreshed woman.

To make your do-it-yourself facial most effective, you will need a few pieces of specialized skincare equipment designed for home use. While the majority of these supplies can be found in your cupboards, there are two additional skincare tools that will prove to be worthwhile investments by allowing your at- home facial to feel authentic and professional.

The Conair MDF2R Facial Sauna with Timer is used to provide a continual mist of warm steam during your facial. This steam will ensure a deep cleanse of your skin by softening and opening up your pores. Facial steam also encourages your treatment masque to penetrate deep into the skin at a faster rate, saving you time. The Conair MDF2R Facial Sauna is conveniently portable and comes well equipped with two fantastic facial tools. The facial brush can be attached to the sauna and applied to your skin during the facial to provide excellent exfoliation. For maximum moisturization, the facial sponge can also be used for application of your facial moisturizer. To create an even more relaxed, spa-like atmosphere, add a drop or two of your favorite essential oil to the steamer water. By incorporating a facial steamer and its useful tools into your at-home facial, you can expect enhanced results and the highest level of treatment possible for your skin.

The second facial tool vital to your do-it-yourself facial is the Tweezerman No-Slip Skin Care Tool, also known as an extractor. Tweezerman skincare tools are high-quality and durable beauty tools that will last a lifetime. Using the extractor for deep pore cleansing is the safest way to perform your own extractions. Used correctly, you can successfully remove all of the dirt, oil, and grime right out of your pores. Extractor tools are easy to use and most efficient when implemented into your facial treatment immediately after steaming. Steam makes your pores very pliable, enabling you to remove debris from each pore with little effort. Should you come across stubborn pores, it is advisable to move on and work in other areas. These pores require stronger exfoliation and can be extracted during future treatments. If you force the extraction, you can irritate the pore and cause a blemish. For those with sensitive skin, do not perform your own extractions. Instead, see a professionally trained skincare therapist to treat your sensitive skin. This will help ensure that your skin is left without any damages or scarring.

The remaining supplies necessary to perform your facial are:

(1) plastic bowl with warm water

(1) facial fan brush

(2) warmed, wet facecloths (100% cotton)

(1-2) cotton pads

(1) magnified mirror

(1) bottle of witch hazel

(1) food processor or blender (to mix masque, if homemade)

(1) wooden spoon (least likely to cause a chemical reaction with ingredients being used to make masque)

You will also need your facial cleanser, toner, moisturizer, eye cream, and sunblock.

Once you have your facial equipment, tools, and products ready, you can begin your at-home skincare treatment. Dim the lights, play some soft music, and follow these five steps to a self-facial. Enjoy!

1. Begin your first cleanse with your facial cleanser. Your first application can be on dry skin. Use upward and circular motions. Be sure to include your neck and décolleté. Meanwhile, get the facial sauna started. Remove the cleanser from your skin with the tepid water in your plastic bowl.

2. With steam applied to the skin, begin a second cleanse. Use the facial brush attachment from your facial sauna. If you do not have a facial brush, you can use a facial scrub instead. Remove the cleanser and scrub with a warm towel.

3. After steaming your skin for at least ten minutes and removing product with a warm towel, you are ready for extractions. For the duration of this step, brighten the lights and use the magnified mirror so that you can clearly see what you are doing. Work only in areas that are being cooperative and spend only 5 minutes or less on your extractions to avoid over stimulating your skin. When finished, soak a cotton pad with witch hazel and clean the extracted areas.

4. Now with your pores in a vulnerable state, you can apply your treatment masque using a fan brush or your fingertips. (Do not forget to dim the lights again!) This masque can be either homemade or from one of your favorite skincare lines. Whichever you decide, this masque should target your skin type and condition. For example, if your skin is dry, use a moisturizing masque. If you are oily, use an oil-absorbing masque, and so on. Leave the masque on for at least ten minutes (or longer if you have the time). Remove masque with a warm towel.

5. Your at-home facial can now be concluded with the application of a hydrating toner (best if misted on with a spray bottle), eye cream delicately patted on under the eyes with your ring fingertip, and your moisturizer and sunblock applied in gentle, sweeping, upward strokes.

Voila! You have officially given yourself a professional style facial treatment from home! By following these easy five steps, you will feel like you have just stepped out of a high-class spa. Your skin will feel invigorated and your soul uplifted. The beauty of a facial is that it is more than just skin deep. The chance to relax and indulge in some self-pampering can offer a great cleanse of the soul, something we all need every now and then.

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